Bone fracture is a condition where there is damage in the continuity of the bone. To cause a bone fracture, high force impact or stress are needed unless the person already has weakened bones. Some of the weakened bone medical conditions are osteoporosis, bone cancer or osteogenesis imperfecta. There are also many types of fractures:
Signs and Symptoms

Swelling or bruising over a bone
Deformity of an arm or leg
Pain in the injured area that gets worse when the area is moved or pressure is applied
Loss of function in the injured area
In open fractures, bone protruding from the skin

To diagnose a fracture, an x-ray is usually used to identify the fracture. In some cases, x-ray will not show the fracture and additional MRI, CT or bone scan are performed.


Bone fractures usually require professional medical treatment. If you have a fracture, call a doctor and schedule an appointment. In the event of an emergency fracture, follow the steps below to reduce complication.

Call for emergency help if:

No longer breathing
No longer responsive
Heavy Bleeding
Gentle pressure or movement causes pain
Limb or joint deformed
Bones are visible
Broken bone in neck, head or back

While waiting for help to arrive:

Apply pressure to help stop bleeding.
Immobilize the injured area
Apply ice to limit swelling
Treat for shock (rapid breathing/fainting), lay the person down, cover him/her with blankets or clothes. Elevate the legs if possible.

Dr. Paul’s clinic offer x-ray scan to help you diagnose your fracture.