Cyclosporiasis

Introduction

Cyclosporiasis is a disease caused by protozoan Cyclospora cayetanensis 

-Cyclospora can be transmitted through water or foods like raspberries, basil, and mesclun 

Symptoms & Signs 

-It can be self-limited or can persist for more than a month

-abdominal cramps, bloating,burping, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, watery, explosive diarrhea, fatigue, anorexia, and myalgia 

Diagnosis 

Diagnosis is made by detection of spherical oocysts in stool stained with acid-fast stains 

-The oocyst formula is  O.2.2 because one oocyst contains two sporocysts and each sporocyst contains two sporozoites 

Treatment 

Treatment is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for 7 days

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