clonorchiasis

Introduction

Clonorchiasis, due to Clonorchis sinensis and opisthorchiasis, due to Opisthorchis, occur in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe

-Clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis are clinically indistinguishable. 

-Humans are infected by eating raw, pickled, frozen, dried, salted, and smoked fish containing the encysted larvae (metacercariae)

-After excystation in the duodenum, immature flukes invade the biliary ducts and differentiate into adults 

Symptoms & Signs 

Most infections are asymptomatic

Fever, chills, abdominal pain, urticaria, eosinophilia, hepatomegaly, cholecystitis, cholangitis, pancreatitis, liver abscess, jaundice 

-Chronic infection is associated with increased risk of cholangiocarcinoma 

Diagnosis 

Definitive diagnosis is made by finding the typical brownish, small, operculated eggs in the stool 

-The eggs of Opisthorchis are indistinguishable from those of Clonorchis

– Imaging studies: Biliary tract dilatations with filling defects due to flukes 

Treatment 

The drug of choice is praziquantel

Other effective agent: Albendazole 

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